Subject Verb Agreement Class 11

Subject-verb agreement is one of the most fundamental concepts of grammar that every student should learn in class 11. It refers to the agreement, or matching, of the subject and its verb in a sentence. In simpler terms, the verb form should agree with the subject in number and person.

Here are a few examples to help you understand subject-verb agreement better:

– The dog barks. (singular subject, singular verb)

– The dogs bark. (plural subject, plural verb)

– She runs every day. (singular subject, singular verb)

– They run every day. (plural subject, plural verb)

Subject-verb agreement might seem like a small detail, but it can significantly impact the clarity and coherence of your writing. If the subject and verb do not agree, the sentence can become confusing or even meaningless. For example, consider the sentence “The group of students were studying.” Here, the subject “group” is singular, but the verb “were” is plural, which creates a disagreement. The correct sentence should be “The group of students was studying.”

Here are a few rules that every class 11 student should keep in mind while mastering subject-verb agreement:

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs, and plural subjects take plural verbs.

2. If the subject is singular, the verb should be singular even if it appears after prepositional phrases or clauses.

Example: “The teacher, along with her students, is going on a field trip.” (singular subject, singular verb)

3. If the subject is plural, the verb should be plural even if it appears after singular nouns or pronouns.

Example: “The books on the shelf belong to me.” (plural subject, plural verb)

4. Compound subjects joined by “and” take plural verbs.

Example: “The car and the bike are parked outside.” (plural subject, plural verb)

5. Compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor” take a verb that agrees with the closer subject.

Example: “Neither the students nor the teacher was interested.” (singular verb for the closer subject “teacher”)

6. Indefinite pronouns like “everyone,” “someone,” and “no one” take singular verbs.

Example: “Everyone in the class is required to attend.” (singular subject, singular verb)

7. Collective nouns like “team,” “family,” and “jury” can take singular or plural verbs depending on the context.

Example: “The family is going on vacation.” (singular verb, treating the family as a single unit)

“The family are arguing among themselves.” (plural verb, treating the family members as individuals)

In conclusion, mastering subject-verb agreement is crucial for every class 11 student to improve their writing and communication skills. By following the rules mentioned above and practicing regularly, students can avoid common errors and write clear, concise, and grammatically correct sentences.